The overall goal of this study was to explore and describe the perceptions of advanced practice nurses (APNs) about caring while providing primary care using telehealth technology. This study used naturalistic inquiry methodology to elicit the subjective perceptions and reflections of a sample of APNs about how they convey caring in the context of telehealth. Thirteen APNs, selected by purposive and snowball sampling, participated in the study. The data for the study consisted of interviews conducted by e-mail using a semistructured interview guide. Data analysis used the constant comparison method; rigor and trustworthiness of the study procedures were established using the criteria of credibility, confirmability, dependability, and transferability. The findings of this study revealed that the APNs conveyed caring to their telehealth patients by (1) being with them, (2) personifying the images, and (3) possessing certain attributes. The major constructs that emerged from the data together formed a model of how APNs conveyed caring in telehealth. The findings provide insights and increase the understanding of how caring in telehealth was perceived by APNs. The findings of the study can make important contributions in improving our profession’s preparation of future telehealth APNs. The study findings also can lend themselves to developing an instrument to measure caring in telehealth. The study findings also contribute to the nursing literature in a number of ways.
Varghese, Shainy B., and Carolyn A. Phillips. “Caring in telehealth.” Telemedicine and e-Health 15, no. 10 (December 2009): 1005-1009.